Different Architectural Styles From Around The Globe

Roaming around in different parts of the world, you will see architectural creations articulated with completely unique styles. Especially when a building has lived through several periods, it intrigues the onlookers and leaves them wondering about its history and architectural style. We’re listing 10 key styles and their features to help you understand which building is made in which style.

Read on:

1) Victorian
Many a homes in the UK, the US and Australia are built in Victorian style. The elevation usually has bright colours and 2 to 3 storeys, a dollhouse effect with elaborate trim, asymmetrical shape, a steep Mansard roof (roof with four sloping sides), sash windows, bay windows, and wrap-around porches.

The Victorian Era (mid to late 19th Century) saw a return of many architectural styles including influences from Asia and the Middle East. During this time period, many homes were built in the Victorian style.

2) Romanesque
Also known as Norman Architecture, the Romanesque buildings are identified by rounded arches, repetition of rows of round-headed arches, stylised floral and foliage stone decorations.

Found majorly in Portugal, the style emerged across Europe in the late 10th Century. The most famous feature is the rounded arch, typically found in the Roman-style churches.

3) Baroque
Originating in the late 16th century in Italy, Baroque was a departure from the more formal Romanesque style. Aiming to be more appealing to the senses, this architecture was an attempt to celebrate the Catholic state.

You can identify the Baroque architecture with a cresting ornament placed in the centre, elaborate ornamentation, paired columns, convex and concave walls.

4) Tudor
Tudor architecture is the final style from the medieval period in England. Came into fame between the 1400s-1600s, the Tudor Arch or the four-centred arch, casement windows (diamond shaped glass panels), masonry chimneys and elaborated doorways are the distinguishing features you would recognise the houses of the Tudor era.

5) Bauhaus
Originally an art school in Germany in the early 1900s, the Bauhaus movement held the idea that all art and technology would be unified under the idea of simplistic design. Rejecting decorative details, the flat roofs and cubic shapes were used to build the buildings. Primary colours of red, blue and yellow, open floor plans, flat roofs, steel frames and glass curtain walls are some of the features that will help you identify the Bauhaus Architectural style.


6) Islamic
Beginning in the Middle East in the 7th century, Islamic architecture varies greatly depending on the region. The buildings will look somewhat different in Persia from North Africa and from Spain. Including the pointed arches, domes and courtyards – A Mosque is the best example of Islamic style.

7) Neo-classical
Neo-classicism emerged in the mid18th Century and aimed to bring back a nobility and grandeur to architecture. The style was inspired by the classic styles of Ancient Greek and Roman buildings and design. Simplicity and symmetry were the core values and some of the key features were grandeur of scale, blank walls, excessive use of columns, and clean lines.

8) Renaissance
Influenced by classical styles, the Renaissance style appeared in Italy during the 15th Century. The designs were intended to reflect the elegance and ideals of domestic life and were inspired by the Roman ruins.
Square buildings with flat ceilings, classical motifs, arches and domes, Roman-type columns, and enclosed courtyards are some of the features that will help you tell the history of a building.

9) Gothic
Gothic architecture borrowed flourishes and features from previous styles and used them all together. It began the mid of 12th century and the buildings of this architectural style are more decorative than the classical styles. With their appealing height, pointed arches, thinner walls, slender columns, and windows adorned with stained glass these buildings are designed so to draw the eyes upwards.

References: Media Reports, Economic Times, Press Releases

Disclaimer: This information has been collected through secondary research and Elite Landbase is not responsible for any errors in the same.

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